Jaipur is the first planned city of India, located in the desert lands of Rajasthan. The city that once had been the capital of the royalty, now serves as the capital city of Rajasthan. The very structure of Jaipur resembles the taste of the Rajputs and the Royal family. Jaipur was founded by Sawai Jai Singh also known as the Pink City. Jaipur is the most colourful city of Rajasthan, mainly famous for its exotic Forts, Lavish Palaces, evergreen gardens, friendly people and for shopping.
What to see?
Hawa Mahal (The Palace of Winds):
Built in 1799 by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh,is the most stunning sight in the city of Jaipur. It is a five-story, pyramid-shaped structure made up of small casements, each with tiny windows and arched roofs with hanging cornices, exquisitely modeled and carved. From the palace one can overlooks the main streets of Jaipur and was originally constructed to offer women of the court a vantage point, behind stone-carved screens, from which they watch the activities taking place in the bazaar and the surrounding streets.
City Palace & Museum :
This Palace is the residence of the Maharaja of Jaipur. It occupies a large area divided into a series of gardens, courtyards, gardens and buildings. The palace is the blend of Rajasthani & Mughal architecture, now converted into a museum & houses unique antiques.
Jantar Mantar :
This observatory was built in 1728 by Sawai Jai Sigh to study the position & movement of the planets Which is also called as the “Yantralaya”. Its various instruments (yantras) were used to observe the movements of heavenly bodies and to measure the local time and predict eclipses.
Amber Fort :
Encircled by the pristine Maota lake & enveloped by lush green hillocks stands the majestic Amer Fort. 11 km from Jaipur, overlooking the Delhi-Jaipur highway, the fort used to be abode of the Kachchwala rulers, 7 centuries before Jaipur was built. It is approached by a step path which may be travarsed on elephant back. The main attraction inside the breathtaking Sheesh Mahal (palace of mirrors), a fascinating view of the Kesar Kyari in the Maota lake can be had from the ramparts of the fort.
Jal Mahal :
8 Kms. from Jaipur is the lovely picture perfect Man Sarobar lake, which houses the wonderful Water Palace (built in 1735) Jai Mahal.
Maharani Ki Chattar & Gaitore :
The Chattari is a complex dedicated to the memory of the queens of Jaipur. Also, enroute is Gaitore, where cenotaphs of the various rulers of Jaipur have been built. Intricately carved designs and elegant bas relief depicting the tastes of the person whom the cenotaph commemorates impart an aura of grandeur to the place.
It was built by Sawai Jai Sigh for military purpose. This fort houses the largest cannon called “Jaiban”
The Fort stands at the top of rugged point of the Aravalis and offers a spectacular view of the City. The fort was made to serve as a means of supporting the security of Amer. The term “Nahargarh” refers to “the Abode of Tigers”, so it is also known as the Tiger Fort. The Fort was constructed mainly in 1734 . Another major attraction of the Fort is that, it provides an eye catching view of the Man Sagar Lake and the suburbs. The geometrically designed Nahargarh Fort looks at its best in the night, when it is dazzlingly lit.
Sisodia Rani ka Bagh :
Located along the road of Agra 8 kms from Jaipur, this magnificient garden was built by Maharaja Sawai Singh II for his Sisodiya queen. It also has a palace flanked by galleries on three sides. The beautiful multilevel gardens are dotted by bubbling waterways, fountains, pools and enchanting pieces of scultpture.
Ram Niwas Bagh :
Ram Niwas Garden was constructed by Maharaja Swai Ram Singh in 1868 and designed by Surgeon Major De-Faback, located in the center of Jaipur . which covers an area of 33 acres. The Garden consists a bird park, the Zoo, the museum, also known as the Albert Hall Museum, Ravindra Manch Theatre, art gallery and several cafes and picnic spots
Ram Niwas Bagh is garden a huge complex covered with small pools and fountains, flourishing lawns and beautiful flower and a zoological garden.
Ramgarh Lake :
35 Kms. from Jaipur on NH 8, the sprawling artificial lake enveloped by emerald green hills is an excellent picnic spot. Boating and fishing are allowed and tourist accommodation is available at the Ramgarh Lake.
Birla Temple :
This wonderful state of the art temple is made up of pure white marble and must not be missed
This ancient pilgrim centre lies amidst the low hills. A small sun temple located at the highest peak provides a fascinating view of the city below. Numerous temples, pavillions and holy pools (kunds) occupy the sprawling green premises. The natural springs here are said to possess curative properties. The legend is that Galtaji was the place where the sage Galava performed penance 15 centuries ago.
Jain Temple :
This serene palace of worship of Jains has graceful 19th century paintings lining its interior walls. It is situated on the Agra road.
Moti Doongri :
Moti Doongri has a Scottish style Castle on its top and Laxmi Narayan Temple also known as the Birla Mandir.
Lakshmi Narayan Mandir :
Near to Moti Doongri, is the Laxmi Narayan Temple dedicated to lord Vishnu.
How to reach Jaipur
The quickest and comfortable way to get to Jaipur is by air and airlines connect all the important cities in India. The airport in Jaipur is located at Sanganer, which is around 11 kilometers away from the heart of the city.
Getting to Jaipur also includes traveling by train from almost all the important cities of India. You can avail the Shatabdi Express directly from Delhi which provides you with great comfort as it is air-conditioned.
The other means to get to Jaipur is by road and one of the finest roads in India is the Delhi-Jaipur National Highway.